by Daniel Hathaway
Thanks to groups like William Christie’s Les Arts Florissants and Debra Nagy’s Les Délices, who have made it their primary business to interpret French baroque music for twenty-first century ears, that special, highly stylized repertory now comes to life on a regular basis. Cleveland-based Les Délices has today issued its second CD, Myths and Allegories, with music by Jean-Féry Rebel, Thomas-Louis Bourgeois Michel Pignolet de Montéclair and Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre based on tales from The Odyssey credited to the Greek epic singer, Homer (probably there were many of him). The album, featuring soprano Clara Rottsolk, with Debra Nagy, baroque oboe and recorder, Julie Andrijeski, violin, Emily Walhout, viola da gamba, and Michael Sponseller, harpsichord and organ, was recorded by Peter Nothnagle in Harkness Chapel at CWRU in March of this year.
Subjects drawn from classical antiquity were important to French baroque artists and musicians, and the story of Ulysses’s torturous return to Ithaca after the Trojan War was rich with possibilities. This recording begins and ends with movements from Rebel’s Ulysse (his only attempt at opera), and incorporates cantatas by Bourgeois and de la Guerre depicting the lure of the Sirens and Ulysses’s sea battle with Neptune in retaliation for the blinding of Polyphemus. In between, a “War Suite” for oboe by Montéclair symbolizes Ulysses’s military campaign, and a violin sonata by Rebel (“La Fidelle”) invokes the patience of Penelope while waiting for his return.
But one composer is missing from that list: Debra Nagy has composed an additional instrumental line (called deuxième dessus or contrepartie) for certain movements of the Bourgeois, de la Guerre and Rebel pieces to adapt them for Les Délices, something composers did routinely during the baroque period, and she has done that seamlessly.
All the individual performances on this disc are superb. Rottsolk’s clear, expressive voice (often warmed with vibrato) is always used to serve the text and she proclaims its emotional content masterfully. Nagy (who doesn’t use vibrato, but sometimes bends pitches for affective purposes) produces an agreeably dark tone even in martial movements and displays superb technique in complicated passages. Andrijeski plays with verve in the ensemble pieces and brings out all the subtle emotional shadings of the Rebel sonata. Walhout and Sponseller make a fine continuo team; Sponseller changes to chamber organ for several movements in the de la Guerre (and Nagy to recorder — a nice contrast), and always plays with stylish thought to the texts. Altogether, the five musicians pay close collective attention to rhythm — one of the most difficult aspects of French baroque style. The results are lively, fresh and continuously listenable over the course of more than an hour’s worth of music. There are plenty of opportunities for pictorial effects, and Les Délices makes the most of them.
Debra Nagy’s informative liner notes, full translations of vocal texts, extensive biographies of performers, descriptions of instruments (all modern versions of period models, by the way) and tuning details (A-392, 1/6th comma meantone) complete a well-thought out album which should find a home in the collections of French baroque fans and baroque music lovers alike.
Published on ClevelandClassical.com November 10, 2012
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